Dilthey deals with the problem of evil in the context of the relations between individual action and collective history. Sometimes these relations are seen by Dilthey, as his friend Yorck remarked, in a too self-satisfied historical evolutionary perspective. Nevertheless, Dilthey’s work on the connection between traditional religious and rational modern ethics, particularly in regard to the problem of evil, remains highly informative for our time, which has passed through disasters of a most blind and anti-modern irrationalism.

Keywords: Historicism; Evil; Formative Ethics; Religious Tradition; Modern Reason.