The well-known Anaximander’s fragment and the biblical story of original sin can still be considered the two most relevant and powerful attempts to give an explanation of evil. In both texts it is possible to unearth the crucial “signs” that can be called the marks of evil, such as multiplicity and conflictual relationships. The inequality between God and His creatures in the Genesis reminds us of another mark of evil, which Anaximander’s fragment “omits”: hierarchy. Anaximander “forgets” to say that, before they commit injustice using violence against one another, the living beings suffer a kind of preliminary injustice as each of them is brought-thrown into the world in a different position-condition and at a different level regardless of his merits or demerits. The present work examines the baleful nature of evil’s marks and stresses that, in a world injured by them, evil doesn’t depend on man’s responsibility but lies in the innermost ontological structure of reality.

Keywords: Multiplicity; Individuation; Relationship; Conflict; Hierarchy.