Schleiermacher combines an “Irenaean” ethics of teleological aspiration toward perfection with an “Augustinian” hermeneutical epistemology of discernment of error. As this relates to the question of evil, Schleiermacher’s position allows him to maintain, in continuity with both types, that «Evil is nothing in itself and emerges only together with the appearance of the good, insofar as this good is posited as becoming » and thus that «evil is posited in both particular and large scale acts partly as incapacity (Unvermögen) and partly as corruption (Verderben)».

Keywords: Incapacity; Corruption; Individual; Communal; Sin.