The text is organized into three main parts. The fi rst theorizes the non neutrality of education that involves its political character. The second describes and refl ects on the experience of the Forum of Social Movements, Popular Education and Universities in Rio de Janeiro: an experience that marked a different way of understanding and put in action the relationship between universities and suburbs. The third part theorizes critical education, dialogue and popular education as a references to the experience of the Forum and the relationships between universities and suburbs.