This essay focuses on the decolonial thought, a perspective born in Latin America and still little known in Italy. In the fi rst part, I will consider some main concepts—such as the coloniality of the power and knowledge—with the intention of clarifying the contours of the decolonial criticism to eurocentism and social sciences, as a epistemic justifi cation tool of the modern-colonial. Then I will deal, more specifi - cally, with the decolonial pedagogy, outlining guidelines, practices and experiences. Finally, starting from an in-depth refl ection on the critical intercultural education, I will show some of the most signifi cant implications of the decolonial approach for the Italian context.