Marco De Paolis was the prosecutor in many criminal trials for the Nazi massacres in Italy, such as the ones in Sant’Anna di Stazzema and Marzabotto. In this essay, he recalls the juridical problems faced during this extraordinary work. The analysis focuses on the delicate relationship between politics and history in the background of Nazi massacres in Italy and reconstructs the defense strategies presented by the Nazi war criminals. Moreover, the essay also traces the difficulties met during the trials in order to identify the criminals and to condemn them.

Keywords: Nazism; Massacres; War Criminals.