From the mid 1990s great attention has been given in Italy to the war crimes committed by the German Army between 1943 and 1945, a really important issue for historians and anthropologists, but also linked to peculiar dynamics of memory, justice and public use of history. This article explains in brief the main characteristics of the historiographical research dedicated to the Nazi war crimes in Italy, and then illustrates the particular genesis of a national research, the Atlas of Massacres, funded from 2013 to 2016 by the German government as a form of “restorative justice”, discussing its most significant results.

Keywords: War Crimes; Atlas of Massacres; German Army.