The paper considers the reasoning process Martin Heidegger uses to legitimate the Holocaust on historical and philosophical grounds. His strategies of legitimation insist on the theme of destiny pertaining to that event, understood as a necessary effect of the burden of metaphysical violence within modern rationalism, whose delegitimisation is functional to the lightening of Nazism’s actual responsibilities. Heidegger also insists on the comparison of the extermination with other cases of violence and abuse, with the purpose of minimizing the dimension of the Holocaust. Heidegger’s position about Nazi extermination of the Jews is reconstructed with reference to his philosophical position and the relationship between his philosophy and Nazism.

Keywords: Heidegger; Nazism; Holocaust; Other Beginning; Modernity.