Pedagogical, psychological and sociological research about the influence of skin colour among primary school children in Italy is very lacking. Although American literature seems to have focused more on that theme, in Italy the interest in this specific issue seems to be still hindered. The following paper presents some results of a research project in which the author tries to understand if and how prejudices and stereotypes based on skin color are present in primary school children. The research is still ongoing and it has been deepened in the last few years. By asking them to imagine themselves in a different skin color, black or white, the researcher was able to detect opinions and representations about black skin and white skin.