Starting from Michel Walzer’s recent volume, The Paradox of Liberation, the article focuses on the relationship between secular revolutions and religious counterrevolutions in particular by analyzing three nations: India, Israel and Algeria. In the discussion of the solutions proposed by Walzer to this conflicting relationship, the author takes up the positions of Joachim Ritter and claims the topicality of the thought of this great German scholar of the mid-twentieth century. And it places the possibility of the evolution of these states in the choice to work first of all in the elaboration of a culture based on Bildung and respect for human rights.

Keywords: Clash of civilization – Religious counterrevolutions – Secular revolutions – Michel Walzer – Joachim Ritter