Starting from the The Tempest of Shakespeare, the aim of this paper is to show, through Caliban, the model of social disqualification developed by Occidental society. Caliban is indeed a criminal, deranged and also African (namely a “nigga”); and for century he has symbolized the other, the different and the stranger. Furthermore, this archetype of criminalization became complete with positivism. But precisely in the nineteen century, it received a lot of criticism from two psychiatrists, Franco Basaglia and Frantz Fanon, who explained how this model hides the sense of supremacy towards the Other.

Keywords: Caliban – Basaglia – Fanon – Colonialism – Psychiatry