This essay focuses on Benedetto Croce’s criticisms of the comparison between the liberties of the ancients and the liberties of the moderns proposed by Benjamin Constant in 1819. Freedom and the ideal of humanity does not only coincide with some historical form in Croce’s perspective. Through the critiques of Croce it can be seen how a reflection on philosophical freedom can be useful today, in the face of the impoverishment of political discussion.

Keywords: Benedetto Croce, Benjamin Constant, Theory of Liberty, Liberalism, Politics

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