Articolo
Abstract

The essay focuses on the summer stays organized by the Health and Welfare Service in favour of people with intellectual disabilities. The ethnographic point of view allows to highlight two readings: a positive, surface image, and a negative, deeper image. Disability is seen as a camp (Bourdieu) where the different social actors act and stage different points of view and related strategies, power dynamics, symbolic violence. The aim is to show how summer stays, that want to be a service offered to the user, end up becoming a camp of subjugation of bodies: users, in particular those with intellectual disabilities, are rejected as people, and remain bridled, together with their families, in a real double bind (Bateson). They stop claiming their rights and users become docile bodies within a dispositive (Foucault), or a “dis-positive” – considering that it acts under a positive image of disability – in which there are no responsible but which also makes the assistants and the staff who organize the same summer stays victims.